A gynecologist is a doctor who specializes in the female reproductive tract. They usually go through extensive education to become one, but not all doctors choose that specialty. A women specialist provides preventative care such as screenings for cervical cancer or sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
Other than screening tests, they also provide medical care for conditions such as pelvic pain, painful reproductive activities (dyspareunia), and urinary incontinence.
Pelvic pain is a common health concern for women of all ages. This type of pain can affect the lower abdomen, back, or thighs and worsen sexual activity. Pelvic pain may also occur during urination or bowel movements. The exact cause cannot always be found, but it can signify something serious and should not be ignored.
Doctors use several different tests to diagnose pelvic pain, but the first step is always an assessment of symptoms and medical history. Sometimes this may involve lab testing such as pregnancy or STI testing if concerned about those conditions. In addition, imaging studies like x-rays, MRIs, and ultrasounds may be used to help diagnose the source of pain.
Doctors can treat pelvic pain by prescribing medications, performing surgery, or recommending therapy depending on the cause. In some cases, a combination of treatments is required for best results. Treatment will also depend on whether symptoms are mild or severe and how long they have been present.